Cost of scholarly publishing
The National Library monitors Swedish higher education institutions’ (HEIs) expenditure for scholarly literature and open access publishing in Sweden. It is important to overview the total cost of publishing incurred during the transition towards an open access scholarly publishing system.
The National Library started drafting the total cost of scholarly publishing in 2017. This year’s presented data covers 2021. The total cost of publishing is presented in diagrams and downloadable data to make it accessible and of practical use to many.
In 2021 the total cost of publishing for Swedish HEIs was at least 711 million Swedish kronor (SEK).
Million Swedish kronor (SEK)
Transformative agreements, Bibsam
Fully open access agreements, Bibsam
Open Access publishing
Total cost of publication
Overview of the total cost of publishing 2021. The Swedish library Consortium, Bibsam, negotiates licence agreements on behalf of Swedish organisations.
Total cost of publishing 2017–2021 in Swedish kronor
Cost of scholarly publishing – background and methods
The National Library has published reports on the cost of scholarly publishing for five years, starting in 2017. Only the first report is available in English. It covers the methodology and terminology and also a background is presented.