The National Liberation Front Movements Posters

The solidarity movement in Sweden started with a few dedicated young people. It spread to the masses and the country eventually stood for the strongest anti-Vietnam War movement in the western world.

NLF movements poster

There was a strong solidarity movement in Sweden during the second Indochina War (1965-1975). Young people demonstrated and sold the magazine Vietnambulletinen (“The Vietnam Bulletin”) and raised funds for the NLF resistance movement. They organized De Förenade FNL-grupperna (DFFG, “The United NLF Groups), which burgeoned into a popular movement with 140 local chapters all over Sweden. The three main slogans were “US out of Vietnam,” Support the People of Vietnam on Their Terms,” and “Fight US Imperialism”.

Expressions of Solidarity

NLF activists took to the streets: they held appeal rallies, stood outside grocery stores and liquor stores and sold magazines and collected donations. They also inspired a lot of people who were far outside their own organization and helped make the Swedish anti-Vietnam war movement the strongest in the western world. For instance, 50 000 people demonstrated on the First of May on Norra Bantorget in Stockholm. Prime Minister of Sweden Olof Palme delivered a powerful condemnation of the American bombings of Hanoi at Christmastime that same year. Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia were liberated on 30 April 1975 and the United States was forced to withdraw from Indochina.

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Name List and Proclamation. ©Picture by EWK, 1966 
Name List and Proclamation. ©Picture by EWK, 1966

Nixon is Trying to Save the Dollar. 1971 
Nixon is Trying to Save the Dollar. 1971

Recognize the PRR! Anonymous, 1973 
Recognize the PRR! Anonymous, 1973

Vietnam Campesino. Anonymous, 1973 
Vietnam Campesino. Anonymous, 1973

Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam. ©Håkan Nyberg, 1970
Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam. ©Håkan Nyberg, 1970

Support the NLF, Postal Giro 400499. Anonymous, year unknown
Support the NLF, Postal Giro 400499. Anonymous, year unknown

Ho Chi Minh. ©Håkan Nyberg, 1970
Ho Chi Minh. ©Håkan Nyberg, 1970

Indochina Day. Anonymous, 1972
Indochina Day. Anonymous, 1972

Six Months After the Victory. Anonymous, 1975
Six Months After the Victory. Anonymous, 1975

Vietnam, 30 Years. 1975
Vietnam, 30 Years. 1975

Cambodia: US Terror Bombing Goes On! Anonymous, 1973
Cambodia: US Terror Bombing Goes On! Anonymous, 1973

Vietnam Meeting. Anonymous, 1974
Vietnam Meeting. Anonymous, 1974

The Impact of the Posters

Posters were a good method of reaching large numbers and played a significant role in the solidarity effort. The first ones were designed by artists. They were printed in large format and small editions. Staffan Hallström designed the poster for the NLF activists’ major art exhibition in October 1965. In most cases, the posters were collective art and no individual creator was named. A few of the artists were Håkan Nyberg, Channa Bankier, Lennart Eng, and Joy Benigh. The French, Russian, Cuban, and Bauhaus Movement posters were sources of inspiration. The color palette was red, black, and yellow and the postal giro account number for donations to the antiwar movement was a recurring element. When the movement grew and DFFG was able to print its own material, the posters were mass-produced and most of the creators were anonymous Vietnam War activists.

Vietnam Week. Anonymous, 1972
Vietnam Week. Anonymous, 1972

Raise Five Million Kronor for the NLF! Anonymous, 1972
Raise Five Million Kronor for the NLF! Anonymous, 1972

Join the Struggle: US Out of Indochina. Anonymous, 1971
Join the Struggle: US Out of Indochina. Anonymous, 1971

The US Must Sign the Peace Accords. Anonymous, 1972
The US Must Sign the Peace Accords. Anonymous, 1972

Victory Party for the PRR. Anonymous, 1975
Victory Party for the PRR. Anonymous, 1975

Vietnam Week. Anonymous, 1972
Vietnam Week. Anonymous, 1972

Build Free Indochina. Anonymous, 1976
Build Free Indochina. Anonymous, 1976

Long Live the Reunification of Vietnam. Anonymous, 1976
Long Live the Reunification of Vietnam. Anonymous, 1976

Condemn the War Criminal Kissinger. Anonymous, 1976
Condemn the War Criminal Kissinger. Anonymous, 1976

Fight US Imperialism
Fight US Imperialism

Urgent Action for the PRR in South Vietnam. Anonymous, 1972
Urgent Action for the PRR in South Vietnam.Anonymous, 1972

Support the People of Kampuchea. Anonymous, 1979?
Support the People of Kampuchea. Anonymous, 1979?

Vietnam Out of Kampuchea. Anonymous, 1979
Vietnam Out of Kampuchea. Anonymous, 1979

Summer Camp in Torsby. ©Thomas Svensson, 1973
Summer Camp in Torsby. ©Thomas Svensson, 1973

Vietnam Meeting. Anonymous, 1970
Vietnam Meeting. Anonymous, 1970

Long Live the Victory in Vietnam. Anonymous, year unknown
Long Live the Victory in Vietnam. Anonymous, year unknown

Paris Peace Accords on Vietnam, Demonstration. Anonymous, 1975
Paris Peace Accords on Vietnam, Demonstration. Anonymous, 1975


These pictures may only be used by the National Library. Please contact us if you have any information about the creators of the anonymous posters.

Last updated: 2008-04-29
Contact person: Catarina Nordling, e-mail: firstname.lastname@kb.se
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