BASE – Bielefeld Academic Search Engine

Bielefeld Academic Search Engine External link. and index for academic resources contains about 120 million documents. Around 60 % of its indexed content is open access.


CORE’s External link. search engine and index for aggregated research publications from repositories and journals globally. Developed by JISC and the Open University it offers access to around 133 million articles.


Apart from searching for publications and the possibility to search for cited and citing articles, Dimensions External link. also indexes grants, patents, and clinical trials. The free version offers limited possibilities.  


DOAJ External link. is a list of open access journals and a search service finding peer-reviewed and scholarly journals and articles.

Google Scholar

Google Scholar External link. is an index and search engine for academic content on the web.


OpenDOAR External link. is a searchable global directory of open access repositories and their policies.

OSF Preprints

OSF Preprints External link. is a platform with openly accessible preprints, or submitted manuscripts which are publically distributed before acceptance and peer-review in a traditional scientific journal. An advantage of publishing preprints is the speeding up of scientific communication and of sharing research results earlier, as it can take a long time between submission of an article till publication.

OSF Preprints is developed by Centre for Open Science (COS), a non-profit organisation with the goal of greater openness and reproducible research.


Zenodo External link. is an open archive developed by CERN where researchers can deposit publications, preprints, software, and research data.

Medicine, Biology


bioRxiv External link. is an archive for open access preprints in the life sciences operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.

PubMed Central

PMC External link. is a subject repository with open access articles in medicine and biology run by the National Library of Medicine.

Physics, Matchematics, Computer Sciences


arXiv External link. is a preprint archive mainly for physics, mathematics, computer sciences and related sciences. Run by Cornell University.


Humanities Commons

The Humanities Commons CORE repository External link. is intended for open access articles, monographs and other publications and resources in the humanities. Humanities Commons is a nonprofit operation run by the MLA.

Social Sciences


SocArXiv External link. is an open archive of the social sciences for preprints, working papers and other outputs. It is operated by the University of Maryland and developed by the Center of Open Science (COS).