3rd Annual BIBFRAME workshop in Europe

Experiences and ideas on tough issues on building real systems. Hosted by the National Library of Sweden, Stockholm.


September 17th–18th 2019


The National Library of Sweden in Humlegården, Stockholmlänk till annan webbplats

Registration is closed


There are several options in terms of accommodation. You can find a list of recommended hotels herelänk till annan webbplats.


  • Presentations Track (plenary) on Tuesday, 17 September 2019

    Time and place: 9.00–17.00 at the Auditorium of the National Library of Sweden in Humlegårdenlänk till annan webbplats, Humlegårdsgatan 26, 102 41 Stockholm-

    Welcome & brief introductions

    • Opening / Leif Andresen
    • Welcome / National Library of Sweden
    • Introduction / Leif Andresen

    Theme 1: BIBFRAME update

    • BIBFRAME: Development and plans / Sally H. McCallum, Library of Congress
    • Linked Data for Production (LD4P) – results and plan / Philip E. Schreur, Stanford, LD4P

    Theme 2: BIBFRAME in production in Europe

    • National platform based on BIBFRAME / Niklas Lindström, National Library of Sweden
    • Possible extensions of BIBFRAME in modelling data / Tiziana Possemato, Casalini-@Cult

    Theme 3: Cataloguing in praxis

    • RDA and BIBFRAME at the Library of Congress / Sally H. McCallum and Jodi Williamschen, Library of Congress
    • BIBFRAME and RDA profiles / Nancy Lorimer, Stanford and Jodi Williamschen, Library of Congress
    • Working with BIBFRAME at the National Library of Sweden / Fredrik Klingwall, National Library of Sweden
    • Opus Ex Machina: Modelling SuperWork, Work, and Instance Entities in BIBFRAME / Ian Bigelow, University of Alberta
    • Lightning talks:
      - PCC task group application profiles for the linked data environment / Jackie Shieh, Smithsonian
      - Bibframe in RERO ILS / Nicolas Prongué, RERO
      - Challenges on transforming data in RDA vocabulary to BIBFRAME / Michalis Sfakakis
    • Community-building and Extending BIBFRAME for Special Collections: the Art & Rare Material BIBFRAME Ontology Extensions and the LD4P Rare Materials Affinity Group / Jason Kovari, Cornell
    • BIBFRAME Agent data from MARC authority records - is it an unnecessary redundancy? / Miklós Hubay, National Széchényi Library Hungary
    • Linked Data in the Library Services Platform / Charlotte Whitt, Index Data


    • The Relevance of BIBFRAME Beyond our Walls / Richard Wallis
    • Plenum discussion


  • Challenge Panels Discussion (plenary) on Wednesday, 18 September 2019

    with 3-4 short talks for each track and at the end of each enough time for discussion.

    Time and place: 9.00–17.00 at the Auditorium of the National Library of Sweden in Humlegårdenlänk till annan webbplats, Humlegårdsgatan 26, 102 41 Stockholm

    Panel 1: Concerning Identities

    We talk about a new environment in which we can expand our resources for managing identities, specially names authorities. What are the sources we would like to use? Wikidata? ISNI? NACO? How could it work when, for example, we point to a VIAF resource, which contains 20 labels? Does an institution still have a local authority file? Would that mean that institution should host a mini-Linked Data website similar to ID.LOC.GOV or DATA.DNB.DE? Do authority descriptions still need to follow specific rules for the construction of the authorized access point? How are the rules enforced if authorities reside outside a local system? Are service centers needed to maintain the descriptions and URIs needed for the descriptions? Would any services be free or not? Do all descriptions reside in a “local” file or do some stay at another site with links? While machines operate on identifiers, humans require labels: How does label caching fit into the picture? Are there services that collect different files that are used instead of storing everything locally? This session is not for discussion of RWO (Real World Object) vs. identifiers vs. labels for names. The real issue is working in a communal environment.
    Tiziana Possemato – The Cluster Knowledge Base approach to identities management
    Kevin Ford – Identities for hubs, providers, and other things
    Niklas Lindström - Identies are elusive. "Authorities" are organizational points of view, linked together in a mesh of agreemenets. (Prefer borrowing over defining.)

    Panel 2: Concerning Changes

    In the current environment, we have different ways to supply and apply changes to a description of a resource. How could that translate to an RDF/triplestore environment? Do we need to signal that we have made a change to a description that is used by others? If so, what strategies exist or might we consider to communicate changes to downstream consumers? Do we need to show provenance for triples in our local or shared systems? Could recording who made a change become challenging for the triple/statement? Are there changes that are tracked locally and other changes that are shared? What types of changes require notification, such as changes to labels, or the addition/removal of subjects, or simply whenever the resource changes? Will local systems and local practices need to be modified?
    Nate Trail – Graph based approach to changes
    Tiziana Possemato – Use case implications for changes
    Niklas Lindström - Named graphs as Documents, tracking sources and derivations. (Future work on WebSub and notifications.)

    Panel 3: Concerning Infrastructure

    To support RDF/Linked data we need infrastructures that supply descriptions and URIs. For example, the Library of Congress has built http://id.loc.gov into a source of data to assist with the addition of URIs in our BIBFRAME database, and to support lookups and other aides for description creation. While LC has made ID accessible to others, we expect any institution or network will need its own version of such tools to support both description creation and retrieval. How are others handling this infrastructure need?
    Jeremy Nelson–Running the Sinopia Stack on Amazon Web Services
    Nate Trail – How ID, BIBFRAME editor, and BIBFRAME database work together
    Osma Suominen - Finto service for controlled vocabularies as a component of Linked Data cataloging
    Niklas Lindström - Just JSON inside, governed by RDF rules and Linked Data interfaces. Map and cache.

    Panel 4: Concerning Relationships

    Relationships are the cornerstone of the new environment. Within an institution or network, how are they handled? How are relationships between resources inside and outside the institution treated? Do other institutions see the need for over-arching gathering devices like Hubs (Library of Congress) or Superworks (Casalini)? What are the key components of this linking? What are the challenges of converting legacy data from MARC to BIBFRAME and (potentially) back to MARC?
    Nancy Lorimer – Events & Works & Relationships in Performed Music
    Kevin Ford – Hubs and managing relationships
    Tiziana Possemato - SuperWorks, MasterInstance and relationships
    Fredrik Klingwall - Extensions for past and future relationships

    Panel 5: Concerning Editors

    Editors for creating and modifying Bibframe descriptions are a major development needed for movement to a BIBFRAME environment. What additional features in this new environment will assist catalogers with their ability to efficiently, yet richly, describe library resources? Must we edit RDF-resource-by-RDF-resource, which may be inefficient for catalogers, or can we edit by RDF graph, which is technologically more challenging? If by graph, what are the challenges of scoping the graph we load into an editor and how we save it back, i.e. deleting/replacing the edited graph? What is the best use of profiles? What do you do with descriptive elements (triples) belonging to a graph that do not match your edit profile? What are the complications of editing a description that started as MARC and therefore has no explicit profile?
    Jodi Williamschen – Deciding what to edit
    Jeremy Nelson – Sidestepping the graph - Sinopia Linked Data Editor's approach for editing RDF
    Niklas Lindström - Editing named graphes as JSON-LD using an application ontology, lenses and two kinds of bnodes.

    Closing session

    Concluding and sum-up by members of the Organizing Group

    Closing remarks and goodbye / Leif Andresen

    The workshop format is changed to a panel format based on received proposals.

    Last update: 2 september 2019


  • Organizer Group

    • Leif Andresen, Royal Danish Library
    • Michele Casalini, Casalini Libri
    • Reinhold Heuvelmann, German National Library
    • Sally H. McCallum, Library of Congress
    • Philip E. Schreur, Stanford University. Green Library
    • Osma Suominen, National Library of Finland
    • Harriet Aagaard, National Library of Sweden
  • Important practicalities

    • Last day for proposing presentations: 22 July 2019
    • Last day for proposing themes for Breakout sessions and workshop track: 2 August 2019
    • Last day for sign-up for first round of confirmations: 22 July 2019
    • Last day for sign-up for second round of confirmations: [not decided]
    • Remark: please send your proposals and sign-up as early as possible.
    • There will be a fee for lunch and coffee/tea, and a separate fee for the social event on Tuesday. The workshop itself is free of charge – volunteer work by the Organizer Group, the host National Library of Sweden, and presenters.
    • The Organizer Group wants a workshop with broad participation, so if there are more sign-ups than seats, we will prioritise the participation.


    Together with confirmation e-mail, you will receive information about how to pay for lunch, coffee/tea and dinner:

    Tuesday & Wednesday lunch and coffee/tea: 550 SEK (about 52 EUR)

    Dinner at the Lebanon Meza Lounge: 380 SEK (about 41 EUR)

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