Open Access in Sweden
The National Research Environment
There are currently 16 universities and 33 university colleges in Sweden. The majority are public institutions. They are organized on a voluntary basis under the Swedish Association of Higher Education (SUHF), which is acknowledged as the representative of Swedish universities and university colleges as a sector.
The development of e-publishing within Swedish higher education started on a small scale during the 1990's and gathered momentum in the 2000's. At present almost all universities and major university colleges have Open Access repositories. The present number of repositories is around 35. Available full-text contents include doctoral and licentiate theses, journal articles, conference papers, reports, books and book chapters. The National Library of Sweden is harvesting publication records from the local databases to the national publication database SwePub, which can be searched at address.
The majority of Swedish repositories are members of a consortium based on DiVA, a publishing platform developed and run by Uppsala University. Others have implemented open source software like DSpace or created their own publishing platforms. Today most higher education institutions (HEI's) have integrated their Open Access repositories with their publication databases. These are supposed to include meta-data from all the academic publications of the institution and have been created to meet the needs of research evaluation and visibility.
Open Access (OA) to research publications in Sweden started in the late 1990's and has been driven by the university library sector and the National Library of Sweden through the Swedish OA programme OpenAccess.se.
The SUHF signed the Berlin Declaration in 2004 and urged its 39 higher education institution members to adopt OA policies. The Swedish Research Council, the Royal Swedish Academy, the Swedish Association for Information Specialists, Stockholm University, the National Library of Sweden the Swedish Research Council and the Swedish Library Association (SLA) have all signed the Berlin declaration. The SUHF and its working group for library directors have been active in promoting Open Access among member institutions, but it has no mandate to make decisions on their behalf.
Beate Eellend, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org